Must We Interpret the Bible?
Many think sermons and Bible classes are a waste of time.
It means what it says.
We don't need to interpret the Bible, just let it speak for itself.
Is there more to Bible study than just reading the text?
Why Bible Study?
Should we all just go home and read the text of the Bible?
Should our Bible contain helps - maps, commentary, concordance?
Are there passages that require some interpretation?
What does the Bible say about the need for proper interpretation?
2 Timothy 2:15 rightly dividing the word of truth
Thayer to handle aright, to teach truth correctly
Interpretation dictionary definition
Words To Notice
Interpretation 3 times 2 Peter 1:20; Mrk 4:34; Acts 19:39
Expound Luke 24:47; Acts 18:26; Acts 18:23
Explain Matthew 15:15; Mark 4:34
Guide Acts 8:31
Language translation from Greek, Hebrew
Type of Literature
Setting / Purpose for the writing
Author / Speaker
Our prejudice We bring preconceived ideas to the text
Our desire We WANT to find some support for our idea
Previous teaching We start with what we know to be right
Basic assumptions Start with a false assumption and reach false conclusions
What is the proper method of interpreting the Bible?
A way, a path of transit
Bible study requires the proper path to arriave at truth
This implies that improper paths can be taken
Having a proper method is important
To operate a computer
Warning in NT 2 Peter 3:16b
Scripture can be twisted
Some things are hard to understand
Using the wrong method will result in destruction
Do not mishandle to Bible
2 Corinthians 4:2
2 Timothy 2:15
God Created Language
Adam and Eve spoke some language
They could communicate with each other and God
God chose language as the means of revelation and communication
We must not superimpose a meaning on the text
We must seek to discover the meaning the author intended
Meaning is determined by the author
Meaning is discovered by the reader
Exegesis to draw out of the text
Eisogesis to superimpose a meaning into the text
By using eisogesis the Bible can say anything you want
Genesis 24:64 woman smoking?
Matthew 24:17 woman's hair style condemned?
Ridiculous? Of course?
But Why are these examples foolish?
Matthew 19:30 first will be last, last will be first
What is the context of a passage?
Every word part of a phrase
Every phrase part of a sentence
Every sentence part of a paragraph
Every paragraph part of a book
Every book part of Scripture as a whole
No word or phrase can be divorced from the context
Most doctrinal errors can be corrected right here
There are two types of context
Immediate context sentence, paragraph
Broader context event taking place, whole Bible
J. I. Packer - If we would understand the parts, our wisest course is to get to know the whole.
Christianity is based on historical fact
Jesus was seen and heard John 1:14
Many witnessed the resurrection 1 Corinthians 15:5-8
OT or NT; Patriarchal, Mosaic, or Christian Age
What nation is in power? Who is the king?
Type of Literature
Dramatic Epic Job
Apocalyptic Revelation, Daniel
A parable should not be treated as history, poetry is not apocalyptic
OT in Light of NT
Old Testament is the New Testament concealed
New Testament is the Old Testament revealed
OT becomes clear when seen through lens of NT
Example of Jesus
Creation Adam and Event
Noah and the ark
Sodom and Gomorrah
Is the Bible Sufficient?
The average person can read and know the will of God
1 Timothy 4:1
2 Timothy 3:15
2 Timothy 3:16-17
Scripture is complete, able to meet all demands
BUT It must be handled correctly
Any interpretation that yields:
Another Jesus 2 Corinthians 11:3-4
Another gospel Galatians 1:6-9
Will lead to eternal death Revelation 20:11-15